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Where is God? Another Answer

Question and answer details
Abdul Muiz
2012/07/09
Assalamu’ alaikum wr wb to the consultants,May I know where is Allah? Could you please answer with the Qur’an or the sunnah of the rasul (messenger) or his companions. Thank You
Yusuf Estes
Answer
I praise Allah, all of the praise is only for Him Alone.

Let us explain some important points about the concept of Allah (God) in Islam.


In the Holy Qur’an, Allah says that He is All Hearing, All Knowing, All Seeing and that He is as close to us, as our jugular vein. He also states that He is close to us in the third part of the night, when we are praying to Him. Additionally, He tells us that there is never a gathering of three in His Name, except that He is the Fourth or two and He is the Third. Yet, at the same time we know that
Allah is not a "part of His creation."

So the question now becomes:


What do Muslims believe about Allah?


As Muslims, we believe that Allah is above everything. What we believe of Allah is based on what Allah has revealed in His Book (the Qur'an), and what has been continuously reported from His messenger (peace be upon him), and what the early generation of Muslim scholars unanimously agreed upon.


Muslims believe that Allah, The Glorified, is exalted above His creatures. Still, He is with them, wherever they be and knows whatever they do. He summed it up in His saying:

.... He knows what enters within the earth and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wheresoever ye may be. And God sees well all that ye do.

Surah 57 Verse 4

His saying ‘He is with you’ does not mean that He is commingled with the creatures. The language does not indicate this and it is against what the early generation of the ummah (Muslim nation) agreed upon. This would be contrary to Allah's creation of all things. For example, the moon is one of Allah's signs to be found amongst His creatures. It is placed in the skies where it is at the same time with both the traveler and the one who is not a traveler, wherever they are. Exactly, He, The Glorified, keeps a watchful eye over His creatures, ruling over them.

Thus, the Islamic concept of God should be protected from false conjectures and distortion. Such conjectures, as thinking that the apparent meaning of His saying ‘in heavens’ means that heavens contain Him. This is invalid, according to the consensus of all the people of knowledge and faith!


The closeness of Allah to His
'abd (servant or worshipper), is that He is very close to His creatures, responding, as He has summed it up in His saying:

When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth on Me: Let them also, with a will, Listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way.

Surah 2 Verse 186

Also, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to his companions, when they raised their voices in invocation of Allah:

‘What has been revealed in the Book (i.e., the Qur'an) and in the
sunnah - of His closeness - does not contradict what has been told of His exaltation and highness. Indeed, Glory be to Him, there is none like Him in all His attributes, and He is high in His nearness and near in His highness.’

Muslims believe the Qur'an is the word of Allah. An essential part of the belief in Allah and His Books is the belief that the Qur'an is Allah's Word revealed. It is the Word of Allah, its letters and its meaning. The Word of Allah is not the words only, without meaning, and not the meaning only, without words.


Seeing Allah on the Day of Judgment is also a part of the belief in Allah. What we referred to of believing in Him, in His Books, and in His messengers, includes also the belief that those who believe will see Him with their eyes, just as they see the sun on a day free of clouds; just as they see the full moon without obstacle, they will see Him, The Glorified, while they are in the day of judgment; and they will see Him after entering Paradise. This is as Allah, The Glorified, The Exalted, wills.


Here are some of the evidences from the Qur’an itself. The message of the Qur’an is a clear message regarding Him not being "IN" His creation nor is He "like" His creation, nor "dependent" on His creation.

God! There is no god but He,-the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme (in glory).

Surah 2 Verse 255

Say: He is God, the One and Only;
God, the Eternal, Absolute;
He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;
And there is none like unto Him.

Surah 112 Verses 1 - 6

To God belong the east and the West: Whithersoever ye turn, there is the presence of God. For God is all-Pervading, all-Knowing.

Surah 2 Verse 115

But to God belong all things in the heavens and on earth: And He it is that Encompasseth all things.

Surah 4 Verse 126

He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent: and He has full knowledge of all things.

Surah 57 Verse 3

No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.

Surah 6 Verse 103

Finally, I would like to add that only Allah is All Knowing. Any good is from Him & the mistakes were from myself.

Please pray for me and ask Allah to forgive me. May Allah guide all of us to His truth, ameen.


Salaam ‘alaykum

Useful Links:

Who Created Allah?


Where is God?

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