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Offering Obligatory Rituals Only

Question and answer details
Akram
2013/03/04
As-salamu `alaaykum, Sheikh. I want to perform obligatory acts only without sunnan, is this right?
`Abdel Khaliq Hasan Ash-Shareef
Answer

Wa`alaykum as-salaamu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

Dear brother, thank you very much for your question.

It is known that supererogatory acts of worship are a blessing of Allah Almighty for Muslims, as they are considered a means of complement for the obligatory ones. Moreover, it is a great risk of a Muslim to be content only with performing the obligatory acts of worship as no one would perform them perfectly.

So, a good practicing Muslims is highly recommended to save no efforts to offer as many supererogatory acts of worship as he can to make up for any shortage in or imperfectness of the obligatory ones.

Responding to your question, Sheikh `Abdel Khaliq Hasan Ash-Shareef, a prominent Muslim scholar, Egypt, stated,

Thank you for your question.

It is Ok for you, provided that you perform the obligatory acts perfectly and without neglect. Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Talhah ibn `Ubayd-Allaah said, “A man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and when he drew close to him he asked him about Islam. The Prophet said: ‘Five prayers each day and night.’ He said, ‘Do I have to do anything else?” He said, “No, not unless you do it voluntarily.” And the Prophet said: ‘And fasting Ramadan.’ He said: ‘Do I have to do anything else?” He said: ‘No, not unless you do it voluntarily.’ And the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) told him about Zakah. He said: ‘Do I have to do anything else?’ He said: ‘No, not unless you do it voluntarily.” The man left, saying, ‘By Allah, I will not do any more than this or any less.’ The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said: ‘He will succeed, if he is speaking the truth.

Thus if you are able to perform only obligatory prayers perfectly, there is no harm but this is actually unattainable. Who among us offers Prayers with utmost submission and reverence? Who among us does not become occupied with worldly matters during Prayers?

Allah has prescribed for us the supererogatory acts of worship in order to complete the obligatory acts that have not been offered perfectly.

It is reported that the first thing a Muslim will be questioned about is the Prayer. Then, if it fails to be perfect, Almighty Allah says, "Look for supererogatory acts of worship by my servant." Then, his acts will be completed with them.

It is a mercy and favor from Allah that He prescribed sunnan for us to complete the obligatory acts.

Allah Almighty knows best.

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