Question and answer details
|Respected scholars, as-salamu `alaykum. Recently we heard that Jewish rabbis had issued many rulings allowing and urging the Israeli army to target civilians and non-combatants in Lebanon and Palestine if this is necessary for military operations to achieve success. Please comment on this issue in light of Islamic Shari`ah and international laws and conventions.|
|Muhammad Iqbal Nadvi|
Wa`alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Dear brother in Islam, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake.
In Islam, war is decreed in self-defense. This indicates that the aim behind war is to ward off aggression. Islamically, war is not allowed for worldly gains. Islam has established ethics of war so that innocent civilians are not targeted.
It should be clear that the brutal aggression against Lebanon is carried out by those who do not respect ties of kinship or covenant, and clearly reflects their cowardice. They fight only from behind walls or inside tanks and do not dare to fight the patient and brave Muslims face to face. Rather the Israelis use internationally banned bombs against unarmed children, women, and men, and destroy houses, schools, hospitals, and infrastructure.
In his response to your question, the prominent Muslim scholar Sheikh Muhammad Iqbal Nadvi, director and imam of Al-Falah Islamic Center, Oakville, Ontario, Canada, states the following:
When Almighty Allah comments about the wrongdoings of Jews in the Qur'an, He speaks about how they misused their scripture by following part of it while neglecting the other part. This is what exactly happened during war throughout their history. This is what is happening now. The reason for war is more important [to them] than some [ethical] issues during the war. So those rabbis are misusing their scripture when their duty is to stop their leaders from killing innocent people and targeting civilians, destroying the infrastructure of a nation for no other purpose but to occupy its lands.
As for international law, we know that Israel has violated international laws because it has always been backed and supported by the United States while Lebanon is neglected.
Islamically, war is not allowed for worldly achievements, and even when it becomes inevitable, Islam has established ethics of war so that the innocent people and civilians can be avoided [from targeting].
Allah Almighty knows best.