CAIRO – Egyptian opposition supporters gathered on Friday, January 25, in central Cairo to mark the second anniversary of a popular revolution that ousted president Hosni Mubarak, as the Muslim Brotherhood planned to mark the revolution by launching charitable and social initiatives.
Here is a timeline by Al-Ahram official newspaper of events in Egypt in the second year of revolution.
25 January, 2012 – Hundreds of thousands take to the streets of Egypt to mark the first anniversary of the January 25 Revolution, chanting against the ruling SCAF to demand 'justice for the revolution's martyrs.'
2 February – On 1 February, 74 Ultras Ahlawy members (hardcore football fans) got killed in clashes between the Masry and Ahly football clubs in Port Said Stadium. The following day, thousands of protesters and Ultras march to the interior ministry to protest the stadium massacre. Clashes later erupt with security forces leaving hundreds injured.
2 May – At least 11 are killed after unknown assailants attack a peaceful sit-in by supporters of Salafist leader Hazem Abu-Ismail.
23, 24 May – Egypt witnesses its first post-revolution presidential elections, with millions of voters lining up over two days to cast ballots.
28 May – Thousands of protesters gather in Tahrir Square to demonstrate against the results of the first round of the presidential elections, which left Shafiq and Morsi to face one another in a presidential runoff slated for 16 and 17 June.
2 June – During a mass protest in Tahrir Square, presidential runners-up Hamdeen Sabbbahi, Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh and Khaled Ali call for the formation of a 'presidential council' as an alternative to the two final candidates.
15 June – More protests are held against Ahmed Shafiq's presence in the presidential runoff, with protesters warning of "a return to the Mubarak era" in the event of a Shafiq victory.
24 June – Egypt's Supreme Electoral Commission announces Mohamed Morsi as the country's first civilian president.
30 June – Morsi is officially sworn in as president after taking the presidential oath before Egypt's High Constitutional Court (HCC).
8 July – Morsi issues his first presidential decree demanding the reinstatement of the dissolved People’s Assembly, parliament's lower house.
10 July – The HCC, the same court that ordered the dissolution of the People's Assembly after ruling it unconstitutional, freezes Morsi's decree reinstating parliament's lower house.
5 August – Sixteen Egyptian border guards are killed by unknown assailants on the Egypt-Israel border. The attack is the first in a series of assaults targeting security personnel in Egypt's restive Sinai Peninsula.
8 August –Armed forces sources reveal that the military's 'Operation Eagle,' originally aimed at securing vital establishments in the Sinai Peninsula, has evolved into combat engagements with Sinai-based militants.
12 August – President Morsi carries out a reshuffle that leads to the resignation of SCAF leaders Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi and Chief-of-Staff Sami Anan, effectively ending military rule and Egypt's post-revolution interim phase.
10 October – A court acquits all defendants, including several Mubarak-era officials, accused of killing of protesters during the infamous 2 February 2011 'Battle of the Camel.'
12 October – Revolutionary forces stage protest dubbed 'Accountability Friday' to mark the end of Morsi’s first 100 days in office and push for the fulfillment of revolutionary demands.
19 November – Thousands march to Cairo's Mohamed Mahmoud Street to commemorate the victims of last year's clashes on the same street. The commemoration, however, quickly turns violent, with two activists – Ahmed Naguib and Gaber 'Jika' Salah – killed.
22 November – President Morsi issues another controversial decree making his decisions impervious to judicial challenge. Egypt’s judiciary sees the move as an attack on judicial independence.
23 November – Over 30 opposition groups organize mass protests against the president's decree. The demonstrations, however, are overshadowed by clashes between supporters and opponents of the president in governorates throughout Egypt. Scores of the Muslim Brotherhood's regional offices are torched by unknown assailants.
24 November – A number of judges declare a strike until President Morsi's declaration is overturned.
25 November – 15-year-old Muslim Brotherhood member Islam Fathi is killed by unknown assailants trying to torch the Freedom & Justice party office in the Nile Delta city of Damanhour.
27, 30 November – Thousands march to Egypt’s public squares to condemn President Morsi's "dictatorial" declaration.
1 December – The president sets the date for a popular referendum on Egypt's draft constitution at 15 December despite opposition pressure to postpone the poll until 'national consensus' is reached over the new charter's contents. Millions of supporters march to Cairo University to support the president's decree and the draft constitution and to demand implementation of Islamic Law.
4 December – Mass protests continue to demand the cancellation of Morsi's decree. For the first time, hundreds of thousands march on Cairo's Presidential Palace to demand the postponement of the constitutional referendum.
5 December – Egypt's Presidential Palace witnesses a bloody night that leaves at least seven killed and hundreds injured in late night attacks by unknown assailants. The Muslim Brotherhood says that most of the victims are group members.
6 December – Several regional offices of the Muslim Brotherhood and Freedom & Justice party are again torched across the country as protests continue to demand that the constitutional referendum be postponed.
8 December – National dialogue called by President Morsi results in revoking the controversial declaration and stating that the referendum will still take place on 15 December.
11 December – Egypt is divided between mass protests in support of Morsi's constitutional declaration in front of Cairo's Rabaa Al-Adawiya Mosque and a counter-rally demanding the decree's cancellation outside the Presidential Palace.
25 December – Egypt formally approves the new constitution.
18 January, 2013 – Thousands of Ultras Ahlawy members rally in Tahrir Square in anticipation of a 'not guilty' verdict – due to be delivered on 26 January – in the ongoing trial of last year's Port Said stadium disaster.
21 January – Clashes erupt between security forces and protesters after presiding judges in the trial of police officers accused of killing protesters during the revolution step down only one day before delivering a verdict. Dozens of activists are arrested.
23 January – Ultras Ahlawy members temporarily block the Cairo metro before staging protests in Tahrir Square and blocking the nearby 6 October Bridge as part of a 'roving protest' to demand a prompt verdict in the Port Said stadium trial.