The eighth year after Hijrah witnessed numerous great events. Below are some of them:
1- The first combat between Muslims and Romans in the battle of Mu’tah: In this battle, Zayd Ibn Harithah, Ja`far Ibn Abi Talib and `Abdullah Ibn Rawahah were martyred; and Khalid Ibn Al-Walid led the army and could successfully return to Madinah.
2- The opening (fat-h) of Makkah: Quraish violated the conditions of the treaty of Al-Hudaibiyah. As a result, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) decided to conquer Makkah. Therefore, he marched with ten thousand men and conquered it without war. He forgave the people of Makkah, saying, “Go your way, for you are free.”3- The
4- The death of Ibrahim, the son of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), took place during that year.
The Ninth Year after Hijrah
Below are some of the great events that took place in that year:
1- People embraced Islam in large crowds and, according to the superior view of the Muslim scholars, the Christians of Najran were amongst them.
3- Negus, the king of
4- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ordered Abu Bakr to lead Muslims in performing the rituals of Pilgrimage. After their departure, the opening passage of
The Tenth Year after Hijrah
Like the aforementioned years, this year witnessed a lot of great events. Following are some of them:
|While the Prophet was on his deathbed, he instructed Muslims, saying, “(Persist in performing) prayer and (treat) your slaves (kindly).”|
1- The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performed the Farewell Pilgrimage with all his wives and many Muslims. During this pilgrimage, Allah, the Almighty, revealed: (“This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.”) (Al-Ma’idah: 3) Also, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) instructed them regarding the prohibition of shedding others’ blood with no right, defaming their honor and taking their property through illegal means. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) explained to them the rites of pilgrimage.
2- The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) started to mobilize a great army under the command of Usamah Ibn Zayd to go forth to
Physical Description of the Prophet
The face of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was white and mixed with a reddish tan, bright and round. He had black and wide eyes and there was a reddish color in the white area in his eyes. His eyebrows were thick though long. He had a large forehead and thick beard. He was neither excessively tall nor extremely short. Whoever saw him from a distance would fear him, and whoever accompanied him would certainly love him. He had some gray hairs on his beard. Anas said: “I have never smelt ambergris nor musk nor any other thing better than the smell of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).”
He was intelligent and accurate and eloquent speaker. He never praised nor criticized any food.
 It means performing a funeral prayer for an absent dead person.
Related Links:Lessons from the Battle of Uhud
Prophet's Endurance and Migration to Madinah
In the Company of the Beloved Prophet (P. 1)
The Prophet’s Life in Brief